It is the time in a woman’s life when ovarian function gradually ceases to an end of the monthly menstrual cycle.
It is diagnosed once a woman stops menstruating for a period of more than one year. It may happen to you anytime between your 40’s and 50’s.
Menopause is a natural biological transition and most people may go through it without major complaints. But a few women may experience symptoms like hot flashes , steep disturbances mood changes.
Identifying these symptoms and seeking ways is vital as there are many treatments and modalities available to cope with the changes experienced.
Symptoms: Symptoms of menopause include as follow:
- Irregular periods
- Hot flashes
- Night sweat
- Sleep disturbance
- Mood changes
- Vaginal dryness
- Loss of libido
- Weight gain
- Thinning hair and dry skin
- Breast changes
- Natural causes
- Natural decline of reproductive hormones leading to irregularity of menses till you have no more periods.
- Chemotherapy and Radiation:
These cancer therapies may induce menopause causing symptoms shortly after course of treatment.
Changes experienced by body as a result of menopause
- Heart and Cardiovascular changes
As estrogen level declines, your risk for cardiovascular diseases increases.
Estrogen is protective for bone health and after menopause bones become brittle, weak with increased risk for fractures of hips, wrists and spine.
- Weight gain
As a result of decreased metabolism, there is a high risk of weight gain.
- Sexual function
Vaginal dryness and loss of libido are result of decreased estrogen in the body.
- Urinary complaints
As the tissues of urethra and vagina loose elasticity, you may experience involuntary loss of urine and may also put to at increased risk of urinary infections.
- Skin and Hair changes
Dryness of skin, thinning of hair and loss of number of hairs follicle may also be seen.
- Lifestyle changes
- Pelvic floor exercise
- Cardio training
- Hormone replacement surgery
- Local application
- Oral pills
- Primary ovarian inefficiency :
Affecting 1% of women who may experience menopause before age 40 which may adversely affect their health and requires easily detection and treatment.
- Other causes
Stoppage of menses without experiencing other menopausal symptoms.
- Hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo:
Where there is sudden cessation of hormones leading to intense symptoms.